Basic Volleyball Skill techniques improve Gameplay

Basic Volleyball Skill techniques improve Gameplay

 Will give you detailed information about Volleyball basic skill techniques.

 If you want to become a volleyball player or a volleyball coach by taking physical education training, then this information is very important for you.

 If you want to become a good player in volleyball, then you need to pay attention to the concept of volleyball passing, volleyball block, volleyball service, volleyball attacking, which will be given to you in detail in this article.

Basic Volleyball Skills and techniques  you want to know

In Volleyball game if you want to become a good volleyball player then you have to improve your basic skill of volleyball.

 It is very important for a player to believe in himself in volleyball. Don't underestimate yourself while playing. You must have a passion when you play the game of volleyball.

 I am telling you some volleyball basic skills and tachniq if you implement them carefully then you will definitely become a good player.
  • Volleyball passing (hitting) skill
  • Volleyball service skill
  • Volleyball Blocking skill
  • Volleyball attacking skill

Volleyball passing skill

The first player's job in Volleyball is to give the ball to the lifter.

 The player's passing should be absolutely correct.


 The player should take utmost care of his volleyball passing skill, if you are a new player, then first of all you should practice passing for 3 months. 

I will tell you how you can improve your volleyball passing skill.

How to improve volleyball passing skill

Forearm underhand passing

Accurate and consistent passing can result in an aggressive multiple attack.
 Be sure that players are in the ready position preparing to execute the proper technique before the serve and during a rally. 

The athlete must face and focus on the oncoming ball. Ensure that the athlete’s arms and hands are in the correct position with wrists together. The legs are a little further than shoulder width apart with feet parallel. The ball is contacted on the forearms. Upon contact, the athlete maintains a stationary straight-
arm position so that the ball rebounds off the lower part of the forearms and is directed to the target.
The knees are extended to raise the arms forward upon contact. Straightening the legs completes the
pass; the arms are behind the ball, and weight is transferred in the direction of the pass.

Important instructions underhand passing
  • Wrists together (interlock fingers; hands together) 
  •  Feet parallel
  •  Arms straight 
  • Carry the ball
  •  Arms slightly away from chest • Extend knees forward
  •  Arms pointed downward about 45˚ • Follow through to target

Common errors for passing:

1. Error-cause-correction: ball not getting to net. Get closer to ball and use more legs.

2. Error-cause-correction: ball to low. Angle arms away from body; arms and legs follow through at
same time.

3. Error-cause-correction: ball too tight to net. Use minimal arm motion; check angle of platform.

4. Error-cause-correction: ball passed to left side of court. Contact ball more on right side of the
center of body; follow through toward target.

Volleyball overhand passing or setting skill techniques

Passing (Overhand, Overhead or Setting)
Overhead passing or setting is the next important part of the pass-set-spike sequence for a successful attack. In fact, an excellent set from a bad pass can still result in a “kill”. 

The athlete forms a triangle with the fingers and thumbs of both hands around the ball above the forehead (thumbs do not touch).

Index fingers and thumbs form the triangle around 3 panels (18-panel ball). The elbows point slightly forward. Feet are approximately shoulder-width apart with right foot slightly forward. Knees are slightly bent, and body is leaning slightly forward. Eyes are focused on the ball.

 The athlete receives the ball with hands on the outside of the ball. The athlete extends the knees and straightens the arms to follow-through in the desired direction.

Things to keep in mind in Volleyball Passing (Overhand, Overhead or Setting)

  1. Hands up early 
  2. Wrists straight (not laid back)
  3.  Forefingers & thumbs around three panels Elbows slightly down and forward (not out)
  4. Hands around the ball.
  5. Follow through (straighten arms) and hold
  6. •Thumbs to cheekbones position

Attack (Hitting) Options Volleyball basic skill 


There are several attack options that can be effectively performed in a game.
 An attacker should be able to hit the following: shots off the block (using the hands), high sets, low sets, sets off the net, off- speed shots, tipping, and a variation of play sets including back court hitting options.

 Providing a great deal of practice and repetition of each will depend on the age and ability of the athletes. Ensure the fundamental technique of hitting is effective and efficient so that it can be performed at a high level during competition.
With regard to spiking, the athlete must first be able to demonstrate the spiking motion when on the floor (with modified and full arm swing). Second phase is arm swing, which is started with both arms at side of body.

 Arms are taken straight back and then thrust forward and immediately up. Third phase includes athlete jumping and spiking. As the athlete begins to jump, her spiking arm is raised
with elbow shoulder high. At the top of jump, the elbow leads as the arm is extended and wrist snaps so that the heel of the athlete’s hand contacts the ball and follows through. The athlete must land softly and be in control of the landing. This is a high jump, not a long jump.

 Fourth phase the athlete uses only the step-close (right-left for right handers and left-right for left handers) or step 2 and 3 of the modified spiking approach. Fifth phase includes athlete using a full approach, take-off then completing the spiking motion and landing. Right hander (start right foot in front) should take left-
right-left or one step and step-close approach. Left hander (start left foot in front) should take right-left-right or one step and step-close.

Things to keep in mind in Volleyball basic skill Volleyball attack (hitting)
  1. Quarter turn 
  2.  Snap wrist
  3. Elbows up 
  4. Hit shots
  5. Point to ball (non-hitting arm) 
  6. Step, step-close (1, 2, 3 or left-right-left or
  7. Lead with elbow right-left-right)
  8. Extend and reach
Common errors for hitting:
1. Error-cause-correction: ball hit in net. Ball is dropping too low before contact; ball also too far in
front of body or contact too much on top of ball when snapping wrist.
2. Error-cause-correction: ball hit out. Causes are getting under the ball too far and not snapping
3. Error-cause-correction: ball hit wide. Elbow is dropped, or there is improper follow through.
Check foot position on floor and foot position after ball contact.
4. Error-cause-correction: ball with no spin; Ball contact may be too low, follow through too low, or ball too much to right or left of body.

 Blocking – Attack; Defend basic Volleyball  skill 

Volleyball block

A well-timed and effective block diffuses an offensive attack.
 The athlete is near the net, moves into position with hands up quickly. 
Athlete focuses on the ball and jumps vertically so that maximum height is achieved when the ball is above net and contacted. 

Arms are raised and extended above the head; hands are close together with fingers open; wrists are in line with arms (wrist parallel), and hands are slightly forward. A firm and straight-arm position is maintained so that the ball rebounds off hands and is not struck. If possible, athlete reaches up and over the net with arms and hands pointed in a downward position for a rebound. The athlete lands facing the net while keeping the upper body in control and knees bent to absorb the shock.

 Depending upon whether right side or left is blocking will determine which hand should be turned inside.

Things to keep in mind in Volleyball basic skill blocking -attack; defend

  • Hands at shoulders 
  • Jump & extend
  • Elbows forward 
  •  Hands forward
  • Wrists parallel 
  • Straighten arms
Common errors for blocking:
1. Error-cause-correction: ball being blocked outside of court. Hands are facing outside of court.
2. Error-cause-correction: ball comes down in front of player. Arms are closer to net. Player is
jumping late and not getting to the outside blocker.

3. Error-cause-correction: ball going between players (seam). Inside hands are not closing the hole in the block.

4. Error-cause-correction: not closing off enough area of court. Outside blocker is setting the block
too far outside.

 Volleyball Defensive Skills – Rolling; Sliding 

When the ball does not come directly at an athlete, it may be impossible to play the ball from a regular underhand passing standing position. The athlete still focuses on the ball and takes a step with the near foot in the direction of the oncoming ball.
 The body is extremely low when playing the ball.

To ensure that the athlete does not hurt himself/herself, the athlete will continue the momentum and either slide or roll out of the play. The goal is to get the ball up to the target and safely return to the ready position as quickly as possible.

Things to keep in mind in Volleyball basic skill defensive skills rolling sliding

Wrists together 
Read the set
Arms straight 
 Platform behind ball
Relax and cushion 
 Reach, kick-up and slide arm

Common errors for defense:
1. Error-cause-correction: not getting to ball before it hits floor. Read the hitter/blocker and react after reading.

2. Error-cause-correction: ball coming up too low. Contact under the ball by staying low.

3. Error-cause-correction: ball not getting to target. Watch the ball rebound off arms. Stay low when playing the ball.

4. Error-cause-correction: missing ball when attacker hits ball off blockers hands. React to ball
immediately when hitter attacks ball. Watch follow through of hitter and look at blockers hands.

Volleyball Serving

Volleyball serving

Serving is the first weapon that can generate an immediate point, begin a game, or ignite an offense.

A well-placed serve (whether to a weak passer, at the setter, at the quick attacker, or to a weak
formation) that is also difficult to pass puts the opponent at a disadvantage.
 Focus on correct technique and strive for success. In addition, always serve to score points, NOT just to get the ball into the opponent’s court.

Things to keep in mind in Volleyball basic skill service 

Keywords (Floater): Keywords (Topspin):

90º- 90º (tossing and hitting arm) 

1/2 turn

 Contact through the center of ball 

Toss two-hand underhand

 Follow through (6 o’clock to 12)

 Toss above head

Toss (in front)-step-hit 


 Open hand facing net 

 Contact below center of ball

Lift ball 

Snap wrist as extending arm

Common errors for floater:

1. Error-cause-correction: cannot serve ball over net. Start close to net and throw ball over net.
Gradually move back and try adding full arm swing and possibly a step.

2. Error-cause-correction: ball served in net. Step may be too long, toss too low, toss too far in front
or step eliminated.

3. Error-cause-correction: ball served out. Shorten follow through. Ball toss needs to be closer to body. Hit through ball, not under ball.

4. Error-cause-correction: ball spinning, not floating. Ball contact should be in middle of ball with no wrist snap. Toss ball in front and not above or behind head.